The novelists working during this period, particularly Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville, were crafting densely symbolic and original pieces of literature that nonetheless relied heavily upon the example of English Romanticism. It may not seem so now, but at the time it was fairly radical. Practically all of 's canon falls in the Dark Romantic genre, in which he explored the psychology of the conscious and subconscious mind. Romantic authors value sentimental, heartfelt feelings and emotional experiences over historical and scientific facts. Emotions are central to our identity.
Provide evidence to support your choice, providing examples from their work. Finally, American Romantics broke with the British tradition with their emphasis on the Western frontier, or Westward expansion. Both encouraged the individual to discover their own truth and be ruled by that rather than obey the constructs of the time. The frontier came to symbolize freedom and possibility. Walter Scott invented the historical novel with Waverley 1814 and Ivanhoe 1819. But equally with the ordinary memory the Fancy must receive all its materials ready made from the law of association.
An idealization of nature Nature became idealized as life in the country was more virtuous. The ideals and ideas of the Revolution were inspiring to the American Romantics, and fodder for great works. He can be like a God, a creator but it comes with strings attached such as the problem of transgression or curse. He attempted to woo patrons to his side, yet his unstable temper made him rather difficult to work with professionally. The paradox was that more and more people moved into the cities when they all had terrible living conditions. Like nature, a work of art is an organic totality in form and meaning. Romanticism focuses on the emotional side of human nature, individualism, the beauty of the natural world and the simplicity of common people.
In the Middle Ages 'romance' denoted the new vernacular languages derived from Latin - in contradistinction to Latin itself, which was the language of learning. The romance may include the traditional hero with white hat on the white horse; the evil villain with the long black mustache; the lovely young woman in need of rescue, and the hairbreadth rescue itself. His theories exemplify the Romantic spirit in American letters at mid-century. It paralleled the Romantic movement in literature, from which it often borrowed themes and subjects. It's the principle of unity in a work of art and assimilates into a unifying vision.
Before, art was imitation and mimesis cf. They passionately believed in individuality and being true to oneself; hence the business about breaking convention, above. They had a high emphasis on nature as symbolic source of enlightenment and inspiration. The movement was definitely influenced by the British Romantics, but it brought a varied set of characteristics to the Romantic genre, which would mark this movement as uniquely American. Here's a helpful overview of the characteristics, origin, and exemplar authors to help you better understand. There's a difference between the first and second generation of poets.
Romantic writings are full of reverence for nature. Authors often wrote about moral issues, promoting individualism, emotion, freedom and creativity while rejecting reason and tradition. They wrote poems in conversational style in an effort to remove the stigma of pompousness from poetry. Interestingly, the narrator in the first few chapters of the novel more or less disappears for most of the book. He was well ahead of his time, predating the high point of English Romanticism by several decades. Introduction to Romanticism What is Romanticism? Main romantic themes From society to nature There is an intellectual shift from society to nature.
Both movements were born as a reaction to strict traditions, laws and religious rules of the time. In a broader sense, Romanticism can be conceived as an adjective which is applicable to the literature of virtually any time period. This led to some amazing imagery in the poems and novels of the Romantics. There is a kind of individualism that refuses every kind of moral convention who you really are and pantheism belief that Nature is divine and has a soul. However, the American model also departs from the British. His publication of in 1798 is identified by many as the opening act of the Romantic Period in English literature.
The tales of King Arthur were especially resonant to their imaginations. Romanticism was then adopted in England. Finally, the movement was unique in its focus on America's Western frontier. All that we see or seem Is but a dream within a dream. Hawthorne's most famous novel examined the human soul and our morality-- certainly a cautionary tale about the dangers of well-intended social reform and blind religious fervor. Nevertheless, writers became gradually more invested in social causes as the period moved forward. Romanticism thus depends heavily on the practical accomplishments of the prior un-Romantic era, even while distancing itself from the mechanical or systematic associations of the —a relationship between material wealth and scientific-technological knowledge on one hand, and personal, spiritual, or emotional on the other, that twenty-first century Americans continue to manage.
Most of these writers were writing not long after the Revolution, when the U. For example, a past or dramatic future, a distant star or a voice deep inside, a dream desired, denied, but never forgotten. There was also a going back to folklore, legends, and fairy tales. It was strongly attractive to the rugged individual bent on following his or her own path. Gloriously colored and painstaking in their design, few of these were produced and fewer still survive to the present day.